SEEDLAND®   
"Growing a Beautiful tomorrow!
®"
Search our store for products:
  Fescue.com - Quality Fescue Seed from Seedland.com!

Tall Fescue Grass For Pasture & Hay Production

Seedland.com - Quality Seeds


Fescue.com - An Informational Site From Seedland.com

Tall Fescue Pasture GrassTall fescue is grown for pasture, hay, silage and as a companion crop with other forage grass varieties and legumes. Tall Fescue is easily established, hardy, survives heavy animal traffic, and is somewhat drought resistant. Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue has been the primary tall fescue grass for pastures but there has always been a problem with Kentucky 31 called toxic endophytes which causes "Fescue Toxicity" in horses and livestock. Please scroll down for more information on using Tall Fescue for pasture, endophyte effects on livestock and the solution to the endophyte problems.

New & Safe Forage Tall Fescue Seed

Endophyte-Friendly & Endophyte-Free Tall Fescue varieties are now available on the market that help to reduce or eliminate this problem. MaxQ Pasture Fescue Grass Seed (friendly endophyte) and Kentucky 32 Tall Fescue (endophyte free) are some of the varieties available at Seedland for pasture use.

The Solution to Tall Fescue Pasture Grass Endophyte Problems
In Livestock And Horses

Many older types of tall fescue, such as Kentucky 31, are already established in fields or pastures and have many problems that have arisen overtime. These problems are due to the infection of the fescue with a fungus called toxic endophyte. Through research and development there are now new varieties of tall fescue pasture grass that are endophyte free or endophyte friendly and these should be considered when planting new pastures or renovating older ones. This is true especially in the southern fescue adaptation areas where horses and cattle are raised. Always check with the land owner about the kind of grass that is presently growing on a piece of property when considering purchasing for pasture purposes. We have provided this pdf document from the University of Tennessee on how to reestablish pastures using endophyte free or endophyte friendly tall fescue grass.

Unfortunately Endophytes are necessary for fescue grass to survive heavy grazing, so getting rid of all the endophytes is not always the answer unless grazing management is practiced. Although Bronson Tall Fescue and Kentucky 32 Tall Fescue Grass are two endophyte free tall fescue grasses that claim to withstand continuous grazing and drought. Endophyte friendly tall fescue such as MaxQ Jesup Tall Fescue grass have been proven to be virtually harmless to cattle, horses and other grazing animals while increasing production in livestock and withstanding continuous grazing. With the safe and friendly endophytes added to MaxQ tall fescue grass, the plants live longer and have a higher stress tolerance. Breakthrough technology in the form of a non-toxic fungus offers the best solution to the endophyte problem. MaxQ endophyte friendly tall fescue grass produces excellent weight gains as shown in University grazing studies (word doc). Additional studies show remarkable stand persistence even after two prolonged summer droughts.

MaxQ Fescue Grass Logo
READ MORE ABOUT
MAXQ Jesup Tall Fescue

for cattle, horse
and sheep pastures

BUY
MAXQ JESUP TALL FESCUE
Available in
 25 & 50 # sizes
Seeding New Fields
 25# / Acre

Problems Endophytes Cause Livestock or Horses

Horse Grazing PastureThere are two characteristics of the endophyte fungus that have great practical importance. First, the organism does not affect either the growth or appearance of the grass, and it requires a laboratory analysis to detect its presence. Secondly, it is seed transmitted and apparently not transmitted in any other way. Thus, once a non-infected stand is established, it can be expected to remain that way.

Horse Problems - Depending upon what zones tall fescue is planted in, it can may become infected with endophyte fungus and when this occurs, fescue grass should not be grazed by pregnant mares for 60-90 days before foaling. Endophyte infected fescue can result in prolonged gestation and difficult births, thickened placentas, infection, foundering and difficult rebreeding, little or no milk may be produced and colostrums levels may be decreased.

The actual physical signs of foaling may not be exhibited and therefore it is harder to judge when foaling is in the pre-stage, unless accurate records and a close watch of the grazing animals is kept. Foals born on Mares grazing on Endophyte infected fescue are often born dead. Strangely, Endophytes are actually bred into and desirable in lawn grasses to help with longevity and to increase plant resistance to various factors... but NOT in forage grasses.

DO NOT USE LAWN GRASSES
FOR PASTURE GRAZING PURPOSES
These grasses can cause problems in cattle,
sheep and especially horses.

Cattle grazing MaxQ Fescue GrassCattle Problems - Cattle will suffer from "summer slump". This is a condition that occurs during raised summer temperatures, shown by a tendency of the cattle to stay in the shade and water more than usual. Also a winter problem called "fescue foot" with sloughing of hooves, ears, and tail due to blood circulation problems. Cattle may not eat this crop in the summer if any other choice of forage is available.

Note: Other grazing animals such as sheep are also affected by endophytes in tall fescue grass and will also benefit from the endophyte friendly or endophyte free Tall Fescue Grass varieties that are available.

Northern fescue growers do not have the same degree of difficulty as those in the transition zone. Many agronomists feel heat and humidity play an important role in the endophyte infection process in the southern growing areas. Management practices of improving fescue with clovers (white clovers, alfalfa and bird's foot trefoil, orchard grass and ryegrasses) every 2-3 years may help reduce some of the problem with fescue foraging in the southern regions.

Tall Fescue For Pasture & Hay Production

Tall fescue is one of the most adaptable grasses grown for grazing purposes. The types of soil that is can be has good disease and insect resistance, is thick enough to overcome weed competition, provides year round pasturage in the northern regions and fall to spring in the warmer areas of adaptation. These reasons make fescue a cost effective and hardy grass for all types of pastures and hay fields. Fescue can be planted in single stands or with other grasses like orchard grass or perennial rye and clovers or alfalfa to add extra nutrients and minerals.

Growing three to four feet high, tall fescue can produce an abundance of hay or silage material when well managed. Hay should be harvested in the early maturity stage when the grass produces the best quality and rate of digestibility. After the first harvest, cut re-growth 4-6 weeks later.

Tall Fescue is an excellent companion crop, due to it's upright growth pattern and is used in rotational pastures that are planned for highest productivity and need "resting" to keep producing adequate amounts of plant material. This time can also be used to fertilize the pasture while the animals are not grazing and helps reduce plant stress. This gives the grass time to thicken between rotations especially in drought conditions and recover from hoof damage from larger herds.

Tall Fescue grass seed is used to overseed warmer grass pastures in areas of adaptation and fill in while the warm season forage is in dormancy. Full time pasturing can greatly reduce the cost of feeding animals through the winter. With over hundreds of varieties to choose from and the ease of establishment there are thousands of acres planted every year in some type of tall fescue for pastures.

Other Uses For Tall Fescue Grass

Tall Fescue grass is also used in erosion control areas that can’t be mown or simply grown for a beautiful meadow effect with wildflowers. Turf type tall fescue grass varieties are also planted, in it's areas of adaptation, on millions of acres for both commercial and residential lawns

 Fescue.com    Growing a beautiful tomorrow!®

Search Seedland.com for products:

Seedland seeds --- Growing a beautiful tomorrow!

© 1999- 2014 Seedland®, Inc. - All rights reserved.

Visa MasterCard  AMEX

USA Sales | Worldwide Sales | About us | Contact Seedland | Questions?
Guarantees | Seed tests | Quality Issues | Advertising | Exports | Commercial
Wholesale | Payment FAQ's | Privacy & Security | Accounting Questions

Lawns: Choices | States | Diseases | Fertilizers | Irrigation | Mowing | Pests | Weeds
HAVE LAWN QUESTIONS YOU NEED ANSWERED?
VISIT Turfhelp.com



BUY
FESCUE SEED
FOR PASTURE

Online Now
AT SEEDLAND.com
 

SHOP ONLINE
FOR

Wildlife Food Plot Seeds

Food Plot Seed


WILDFLOWER SEED


Wildflower Seed

 Pasture & Forage Seeds

Farm Seed

Lawn & Turf
Fertilizers

FOR NEW
& EXISTING
LAWNS!


Lawn Fertilizer & Lawn Food

BUY #1 RATED
Princess 77
BERMUDA LAWN
HYBRID SEED

Princess 77 Bermuda Grass Seed

Seed & Fertilizer Spreaders

Fertilizer & Seed Spreaders

ORDER YOUR
LAWN SEEDS
ONLINE
GRASS SEEDS



ORDER ONLINE
100's of Grass
Seed Varieties

USA STATES
LAWN
SPECIES GUIDE

Alabama
Alaska

Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
D.C.
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Iowa
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Mass.
Maryland
Maine
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Mississippi
Montana
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
Nevada
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Vermont
Washington
Wisconsin
West Virginia
Wyoming